Step 9 - Bonus: Use Live Reload and an External Editor to speed up HTML and Code Editing

Live Reload is a new feature in Web Connection that can detect when you make changes to any of these types of files:

  • Static HTML files
  • Static CSS and JavaScript Files
  • Web Connection Scripts and Templates
  • FoxPro Code in your Web Connection Server

Live Reload then automatically refreshes the browser after a changed file is saved to disk. The automatic refresh is the same behavior as manually pressing the refresh button in the browser, except it happens automatically. Browsers maintain their scroll position on refreshes by default so you easily see pages update as you type and save (ctrl-s).

Live Reload in Web Connection

This walk through demonstrates:

  • Web Connection Script page changes (page just reloads)
  • CSS Changes (page just reloads)
  • FoxPro Server Code Change (server restarts, page reloads)
  • Fixing a FoxPro Code Error (server restarts, fixed page reloads)

This allows you to display your editor and your browser side by side, and as soon as you make a change you see the live updates in the application, almost in real time. It's like WYSIWYG on steroids, excepts it's actually running your real live application.

It's a very powerful feature, that improves productivity drastically.

To take full advantage of Live Reload, you'll want to use a decent editor in combination with it. Preferrably you'll want to use an editor that can handle both HTML, CSS and JavaScript and also your FoxPro code files for quick fixes. You may still want to use the FoxPro editor for larger code changes as it has better code completion support, but for quick fixes an external editor is recommended (more on why below).

Enabling Live Reload

There are two places where Live Reload needs to be enabled:

  • The Web Connection Web Server Module Configuration
  • Web Connection FoxPro Server Configuration

The former handles updates to static Web files and Web Connection scripts and templates - basically anything in the Web folder that changes. The latter handles FoxPro code changes which in turn trigger the FoxPro Web Connection server to restart after a code change.

Enabling Live Reload in the Web Interface

The Live Reload features of the Web interface apply to static files and Web Connection script files.

The easiest way to enable Live Reload is through the Web Server administration interface in Administration.wc:

This link toggles the feature on and off on the Web Server and also tries to toggle the setting in the FoxPro server (the FoxPro server has to be restarted to see the change though).

This change corresponds to the following configuration settings:

In web.config (.NET Handler)

<add key="LiveReloadEnabled" value="True"/>

In WebConnectionWebServerSettings.xml (.NET Core Web Connection Server)


Enabling Live Reload in the FoxPro Web Connection Server

The Live Reload features in the Web Connection server apply to code changes made in the Web Connection FoxPro application code. Any code change in FoxPro code files in the Deploy folder triggers the Live Reload to restart the Web Connection Server.

If you use the Web Server link above, and standard project naming conventions then the settings in the WebDemo.ini file likely will be updated automatically.


Restart the FoxPro server (if it doesn't automatically restart).

Running with Live Reload

Once Live Reload is enabled any change to an HTML page, CSS, JavaScript or Web Connection script causes the Web Browser to refresh the actively loaded page. The page position is saved whenever possible.

You can also make code changes in your FoxPro code - but you don't want to stop the running Web Connection Server. Ideally you'll make changes in an external editor (or a separate non-executing FoxPro instance) to minimize the amount of effort in making a change.

There's really nothing to it.

Live Reload Tips and Tricks

Run your Server in Non Debug Mode

Normally when you debug your application you want to run the server in Debug mode so that the server stops on a failing line of code. This is great for debugging and stepping through code or simply fixing a problem at the source.

When using Live Reload however, you don't want the server to stop. Rather, it's much better to let the server fail and display an error message, which you can then use to fix the problem in an external editor.

This allows for the quick run, fail, edit, run, fail edit, run cycle - known as the 'inner loop' that gives you high productivity. The idea is to fail fast, fix fast - and Live Reload picks up the change immediately to refresh the active page - by the time you look at the page it's probably already up and running with the update.

Most code failures are typos or simple logic errors that are easy to discern from an error message and pointer in the code so this non-debug, Live Reload cycle is very fast for fixing basic errors.

If you run into a thorny problem that you can't discern just from error messages and looking at code, you can turn the server back into Debug mode. You can then again fail on failure and continue to step through the code and use the debugger as you would n the past.

Use an Editor other than the FoxPro Editor

The FoxPro code is problematic for editing FoxPro code, in that it locks the files while the editor is open. FoxPro in turn won't compile a PRG file if it's locked, so any code change requires that the file gets closed. Also using the FoxPro editor usually means stopping the Web Connection server - which with Live Reload is not something you want to do.

I can recommend using Visual Studio Code with the FoxPro language addin which allows you to edit text with syntax coloring, save and leave the document open in the editor. If you need to make another change the editor is already open at the correct cursor position, and ready for the next edit.

Use or Configure the Server's Edit Button

The server form includes an Edit button on the main form, which when clicked opens up an editor of your choice in the project directory.

By default this button is configured to use Visual Studio Code - if that's installed on your machine the Edit button just works.

But Visual Studio Code is optional. If you want to use another editor you can do that too. Ideally you'll want an editor that can open a folder, so as above you can open the entire project folder that holds both the FoxPro code and the Web code.

The value is configurable in WebDemo.ini and the CodeEditorCommandLine key:

# WebDemo.ini
Codeeditorcommandline=code ..\

Substitute a command line that can launch your editor of choice. Note code is code.exe which is installed on the Windows path. if you use another editor you may have to specify the full path to that editor and provide a full path to the command argument as well.

© West Wind Technologies, 1996-2020 • Updated: 07/19/20
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