This method is a Bearer Token based implementation of the wwSession object that allows you track user state between REST client calls. Most commonly this can be used to map a Bearer Token to a user or customer record.

This is a low level method that only handles Bearer Token to Session mapping.

This class provides for:

  • Bearer Token checking for testing for a previously authorized token
  • Checks the Authorization: Bearer <token> header for a token
  • Creates a Session Token in the wwSession data store
  • Exposes the wwProcess::oSession
  • Exposes access to the token via oSession.cSessionId
  • Access to the oSession.oData.UserId if mapped
  • Can use SetSessionVar()/GetSessionVar() to read and write persisted data
  • Session state can be used to map a user/customer record
  • Session state can be used to cache common user values
  • Can be used in combination with Authenticate() to map wwUserSecurity record

Unlike the base wwSession class, this class is more lightweight and doesn't use cookies.

Instead it only reads authorization bearer tokens from the Authorization header and simply writes the token into the Session table. No Coookies are used by this class and by default the session isn't auto-saved at the end of each request to keep it light weight.


To use this mechanism you'll need two things:

  • Implement the Token verification via InitTokenSession() in OnProcessInit()
  • Generate a new Token via some sort of User Validation and creating a new Session

Checking for and Validating a Bearer Token

The token validation works by looking at all requests and checking for a Authorization: Bearer token in the header and if found trying to map it to an existing wwSession record in THIS.oSession.

The code to initialize and check incoming requests looks like this:

FUNCTION OnProcessInit

Response.Encoding = "UTF8"
Request.lUtf8Encoding = .T.


*** Pick up existing token or create a new token
*** and set on the oSession object

*** Define anonymous requests that don't need validation
lcScriptName = LOWER(JUSTFNAME(Request.GetPhysicalPath()))
llIgnoreLoginRequest = INLIST(lcScriptName,"testpage","signin","signout")

*** Fail if not authorized (ie. a new session has no or failed bearer token)
IF !llIgnoreLoginRequest AND this.oSession.lIsNewSession
   THIS.ErrorResponse("Access Denied. Please sign in first.","401 Unauthorized")


Signing In to create a Token and creating a new Session

In order to create a new token you need to create a new token - typically done after you've validated a user login or some other credentials. For simplicity's sake here is a Signin method:

*** A simple REST Process Method  POST Signin.tp  - { username: "email@test.com", password: "superSeekrit" }
LPARAMETER loCredentials

*** Use whatever custom Authorization you need to assign a token
IF !loBus.AuthorizeUser(loCredentials.UserName, loCredentials.Password)
   RETURN THIS.ErrorResponse(loBus.cErrorMsg,"401 Unauthorized")

*** Create a new Session and optionally assign a mapping user id
*** that links back to a user/customer record in the Application
lcToken = THIS.oSession.NewSession(loBus.oData.UserId)

*** Return the token and expiration (or whatever you choose)
ADDPROPERTY(loToken,"token", lcToken)
ADDPROPERTY(loToken,"expires", DATETIME() + 3600 * 24)

RETURN loToken

The Authorization process can be anything that returns a true or false operation. It can be as simple as checking to see if username and password are not empty to something as complex as validating user name and password and checking subscription information etc. It's up to you.

Integration with UserSecurity

If you want more structure for the credential Authorization you can do this by combining this mechanism with UserSecurity Authentication built into Web Connection which can map the Bearer token to a UserSecurity record on your Process class.

You can do this by combining with the Authenticate() method, which automatically maps with a UserSecurity user record or your own subclassed customized version thereof.

For more information see the topic on wwRestProcess::Authenticate()

o.wwRestProcess.InitTokenSession(llAutoSave, lnTimeout)




See also:

Class wwRestProcess | wwRestProcess.Authenticate

© West Wind Technologies, 1996-2023 • Updated: 11/13/23
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